(A - E) (F - J) (K - O) (P - T) (U - Z)

  • Target Market : A specific group of people or geographical area that has been identified as the primary buyers of a product or service.
  • Tariff : A document, approved by the responsible regulatory agency, listing the terms and conditions, including a schedule or prices, under which utility services will be provided.
  • Tax Credits : Credits established by the federal and state government to assist the development of the alternative energy industry.
  • Three Phase Line : This is capable of carrying heavy loads of electricity, usually to larger commercial customers.
  • Time-of-Use Rates : Electricity prices that vary depending on the time periods in which the energy is consumed. In a time-of-use rate structure, higher prices are charged during utility peak-load times. Such rates can provide an incentive for consumers to curb power use during peak times.
  • Tipping Fee : A credit received by municipal solid waste companies for accepting and disposing of solid waste.
  • Total DSM Cost : Total utility and nonutility costs.
  • Total Incentives : The incentive a utility offers is expressed as a percentage of the technology cost. The utility can assume any level between 0 and 100 percent. A value greater than 100 percent is possible if the utility decides to pay for all the equipment and give a rebate as an additional incentive. You can calculate the required incentive by setting the participant test to one by using the following formula: Total Incentives = (Technology Costs - Bill Reductions)/2.
  • Total Nonutility Costs : Cash expenditures incurred through participation in a DSM program that are not reimbursed by the utility.
  • Total Resource Cost (TRC) Test : A ratio used to assess the cost effectiveness of a demand-side management program. Although this economic desirability test provides information about the relative merits of different DSM programs, several important issues are not addressed in this analysis. First, this cost-effectiveness test does not indicate the level of program participation that will be achieved. Second, the most cost-effective mix of DSM technologies is not determined by this test because this methodology only evaluates one specific measure at a time. Finally, these tests are static; they do not include a feedback mechanism to account for changes in demand due to the DSM program. The TRC Test measures the ratio of total benefits to the costs incurred by both the utility and the participant. The TRC test is applicable to conservation, load management, and fuel substitution technologies. For fuel substitution technologies, the test compares the impact from the fuel not selected to the impact of the fuel that is chosen as a result of implementing the technologies. The TRC Test includes benefits occurring to both participants and nonparticipants. Benefits include avoided supply costs (I.e. transmission, distribution, generation, and capacity costs). Costs include those incurred by both the utility and program participant.
  • Total Utility Costs : Total direct and indirect utility costs.
  • Tower : A steel structure found along transmission lines which is used to support conductors.
  • Transfer : To move electric energy from one utility system to another over transmission lines.
  • Transformer : A device for changing the voltage of alternating current.
  • Transition Charge : A charge on every customer's bill designed to recover an electric utility's transition or stranded costs as determined by a Public Utility Commission.
  • Transition Costs : Costs incurred by electric utilities to meet obligations, which required the utilities to meet current and future load demand. The utilities ensured sufficient power generating capacity by building additional power plants, whose debts are currently recovered through a regulated rate of return that would not continue in a competitive marketplace. They could be recovered with a special charge during the transition to competition.
  • Transmission : The act or process of transporting electric energy in bulk.
  • Transmission and Distribution (T&D) Losses : Losses the result from the friction that energy must overcome as it moves through wires to travel from the generation facility to the customer. Because of losses, the demand produced by the utility is greater than the demand that shows up on the customer bills.
  • Transmission and Distribution (T&D) System : An interconnected group of electric transmission lines and associated equipment for the movement or transfer or electric energy in bulk between points of supply and points at which it is transformed for delivery to the ultimate customers.
  • Transmission Charge : Part of the basic service charges on every customer's bill for transporting electricity from the source of supply to the electric distribution company. Public Utility Commissions regulate retail transmission prices and services. The charge will vary with source of supply.
  • Transmission Lines : Heavy wires that carry large amounts of electricity over long distances from a generating station to places where electricity is needed. Transmission lines are held high above the ground on tall towers called transmission towers.
  • Transmitting Utility : This is a regulated entity which owns, and may construct and maintain, wire used to transmit wholesale power. It may or may not handle the power dispatch and coordination functions. It is regulated to provide non-discriminatory connections, comparable service and cost recovery. Any electric utility, qualifying cogeneration facility, qualifying small power production facility, or Federal power marketing agency which owns or operates electric power transmission facilities which are used for the sale of electric energy at wholesale.
  • Transparent Price : The most recent price contract available to any buyer or seller in the market.

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